Montana Residency

Montana has several different residency requirements.

For the purpose of obtaining a Montana Driver’s License:

  1. You are considered a resident after 60 consecutive days and must have a Montana license in order to operate a motor vehicle in the state of Montana.
  2. For a Montana commercial motor vehicle license, the requirement is 30 days.
  3. For more information on Montana driver’s licensing, see Montana Codes Annotated 61-5-103 and the Montana Department of Justice, Motor Vehicle Division Montana Driver Licensing page.

For the purposes of Montana Fishing Licenses and Montana Hunting Licenses:

  1. You are considered a Montana resident after having lived 180 consecutive days in Montana.
  2. After establishing Montana residency, you must live in the state of Montana a minimum of 120 days a year.
  3. Your principal home must be located in Montana.You must file Montana state income tax returns as a resident (if required to file).
  4. Vehicles operated in Montana must be licensed and titled as required by Montana law.
  5. You can be registered to vote only in the state of Montana.
  6. You cannot claim residency in any other state or country for any purpose.
  7. There are different requirements for members of the US armed forces. For more information, see Montana Codes Annotated 87-2-102 and the Department of Fish, Wildlife & Parks.

For the purpose of Montana Higher Education:

  1. A student must be domiciled in Montana for one year immediately preceding registration.
  2. Attendance as a full-time student is not sufficient to qualify for residence.
  3. For more information, see Montana Codes Annotated 20-25-201.